Online Submissions

To submit a paper, please fill in the online submission form and send it


Author Guidelines

Manuscript Submission

Manuscript Submission

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institution where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.


Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere (including in the authors’ own previous papers) are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) [the publisher(s) of the journal, not the authors of the paper] and to state clearly in the figure/table caption or other appropriate locations in the manuscript that such permission has been obtained. For example: Reproduced with permission from ref. xxx. Copyright American Chemical Society, 2008. Any content received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the author(s). It is the authors’ responsibility to retain an electronic or hardcopy of the permission.

Online Submission

Authors should submit their manuscripts in Microsoft Word format (.DOC) by using our online submission system. Electronic submission substantially reduces the editorial processing and reviewing times and shortens overall publication times. Please follow the hyperlink “Submission” on the main menu and upload your manuscript following the instructions given on the screen.

Language (usage and editing services)

Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word-processor. Manuscripts that are accepted for publication will be checked by our copyeditors for spelling and formal style. This may not be sufficient if English is not your native language and substantial editing would be required. In that case, you may want to have your manuscript edited by a native speaker prior to submission. A clear and concise language will help editors and reviewers concentrate on the scientific content of your paper and thus smooth the peer review process.

Good practices

The manuscripts submitted for the publication should correspond to the scope of journal. Authors should ensure that their work is presented clearly, cogently and completely. Manuscripts that are poorly presented may be rejected without review. Authors are encouraged to obtain comments from their colleagues before they submit an article to the journal, particularly with regard to readability of the subject matter.

Normal research paper length is around 5000-10,000 words. Very short papers are unlikely to be complete and will be rejected. Excessively long papers will subject to careful scrutiny - and authors can expect to be asked to reduce the length.

Authors are cautioned that they should ensure that they conform to conventional standards of style and authorship, specifically with respect to the citing of material in other sources. All such citations must be indicated by the use of quotation marks and reference information - author, year, and page numbers where appropriate, with a corresponding item in a list of references. Manuscripts that fail to attribute material correctly, or are otherwise deemed guilty of plagiarism, will be rejected.

Note: Please read the journal policy against plagiarism.


Article structure

To expedite the review process, all manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Applied Economics and Business must be prepared according to the following manuscript template.

Research articles normally should have the following structure:

Title page

The title page should include:

  • Title.Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
  • Author names and affiliations.Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript number immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
  • Corresponding author.Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.


A concise and factual abstract is required (150-250 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.


Immediately after the abstract, provide 4-6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and methods

Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.


Results should be clear and concise.


This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.


Define abbreviations that are not standard. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.


Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).

Math formulae

Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).


General points

  • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
  • Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option.
  • Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar.
  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
  • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
  • Provide captions to illustrations.
  • Re-size the illustrations if necessary proportionally to their original dimensions.
  • Illustration should be integrated into the submitted document at the appropriate place.
  • Please use vector drawings (with embedded all used fonts), color or grayscale artworks (halftones) with recommended resolution of 300 dpi.

Figure captions

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and/or a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.


Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.


Citation in text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

Reference style

Text: Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given.

Example: '..... as demonstrated [3,6]. Barnaby and Jones [8] obtained a different result ....'

List: Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.


Reference to a journal publication:

[1] J. van der Geer, J.A.J. Hanraads, R.A. Lupton, The art of writing a scientific article, J. Sci. Commun.163(2010) 51–59.

Reference to a book:

[2] W. Strunk Jr., E.B. White, The Elements of Style, fourth ed., Longman, New York, 2000.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

[3] G.R. Mettam, L.B. Adams, How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: B.S. Jones, R.Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age, E-Publishing Inc., New York, 2009, pp. 281–304.




Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published nor is it before another journal for consideration.
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word ‘.doc’ format. Please do not format it in ‘.docx’.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided. All URL addresses in the text (e.g., are activated and ready to click.
  4. The text meets this journal's formatting requirements given in the Manuscript Template outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  6. The authors confirm that all previously published material that is included in this paper is appropriately cited - with the use of quotation marks where appropriate, and complete reference details. Plagiarism (unattributed copying of material from other sources, whether books, journals, conference papers, other monographs or any web pages) is explicitly forbidden. Authors who include plagiarized content are liable to have their submission rejected without further consideration.
  7. The authors ensure that the manuscript has been proofread and where necessary copyedited so as to ensure that the English standard is as good as possible.

Copyright Notice

By submitting an article to JAEB the authors guarantee that it presents original unpublished work and is not under consideration elsewhere.

The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

A copyright transfer form have to accompany the submission. Authors are responsible for obtaining any security clearances. All authors have to sign the copyright transfer form.

Authors submitting papers to JAEB do so with the understanding that with Internet publishing authors and publishers do not always have the means to prevent unauthorized copying or editing of copyrighted works.

Downloads of papers in JAEB are permitted for personal and educational use only. Commercial use requires explicit permission from the publisher.


Privacy Statement

We never sell or give away any private data of individuals. The only data we keep is what you give us - names, logins, passwords, email addresses - when you register. All private data is kept confidential.

Article processing charges

The Journal is an Open Access journal that provides immediate, free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, print, search or link to the full text of all published articles. Many authors in a variety of fields already realized the benefits that open access publishing can provide in terms of increasing the impact of their work. The cost we charged is for journal development only, it requires the author or a supporting institution to pay the costs of the review process, typesetting, online publication and long term archiving, so that we can continue to provide high-quality, peer-reviewed articles without charge to readers on the web – ensuring that articles receive the highest exposure and potential impact associated with open access publishing.

The publishing costs are per article based and cover only technical costs. Authors are requested to pay 100 USD for each article accepted for publication. It is a flat fee that does not vary based on word count or use of color figures.

Payment can be made by bank transfer or western union. Instruction for payment is sent to corresponding author as soon as manuscript is accepted.